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Central Ground Water Board
About the organization:
The Central Ground Water Board was constituted as the national apex organization in 1970. The main activities of the Board include macro-level hydrogeological investigations, deep exploratory drilling coupled with remote sensing studies, geophysical studies and pumping tests to study the subsurface hydrogeolocial features and nation-wide monitoring of the behaviour of water table and water quality through a network of 15,640 hydrograph stations. This includes a total of 2,239 purpose built piezometers constructed under Hydrology Project.. 1200 piezometers are fitted with Digital Water Level Recorder (DWLR) to get continuous ground water levels at desired intervals. The data generated from these investigations provide a scientific base for preparation of ground water development schemes by the state Governments. In areas having problem of ground water pollution, sea-water ingress, groundwater depletion, etc., special studies are undertaken to assess the magnitude of the problem and suggest remedial measures. Besides advising the States on planning, financing and administration of groundwater development schemes, the Board undertakes research and development schemes, water balance studies, conjunctive use studies and artificial recharge studies. The Board also organizes training of personnel of different disciplines from related Central and State Government organizations.
Green Initiatives:
I) Ground Water Management Studies:
Ground Water Resources occur in dynamic state and hence subjected to periodic changes. Ground water Management Studies (GWMS) are essential to update the scenario of ground water occurrence, availability and utilisation in term of quality and quantity with reference to the previous studies. The objectives of the GWMS are as follows:
  1. To depict the ground water regime in terms of quality and quantity as on the date.
  2. Ascertaining the factors influencing the ground water scenario.
  3. Identification of problems and issues pertaining to ground water and provide suitable object oriented strategy for implementation.
  4. To assess the social and economic aspects of ground water utilisation and the role of various agencies, Panchayat Raj, NGOs and VO etc., in ground water development, conservation and management
  5. To update the existing database on ground water regime.
  6. To demarcate the ground water worthy and unworthy areas.
  7. To recommend suitable follow up action/ remedial measures/ administrative and technical measures for the specific problems.
II)   Ground Water Exploration
III)   Ground Water Monitoring
IV)   Ground Water Assessment
V)   Ground Water Balance Studies
VI)   Ground Water Quality
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